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                          Making method of organic fermentation tower

                          Time2020-11-24 14:08:27 Source

                          Background technology: For a long time, there are many technological schemes and various equipments for the deep processing and fermentation of organic fertilizer from plant residues, livestock manure and organic wastes in garbage. In the prior art, these equipments are either static fermentation or dynamic fermentation. Most of the dynamic fermentation adopts the structure of belt conveyor or screw conveyor, which is too large in volume, too high in cost, and easy to produce a large number of flammable and explosive gases, resulting in assembly accidents. Technical implementation elements: In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, the utility model provides a top-down vertical organic fermentation tower. The utility model adopts the following technical scheme: it includes a tower body, the tower body is vertically and successively provided with several layers of interconnected fermentation chambers, which is characterized in that: the top and bottom of the tower body are respectively provided with a feeding port and a discharging port, the feeding port is connected with a feeding plate, after the feeding plate is closed, there is a gap between the feeding plate and the feeding port, and the two sides of the bottom of the tower body are respectively provided with adjustable sizes The two sides between the fermentation chamber and the fermentation chamber of the tower body are fixed with a guide cone with a spindle shape protruding in the middle; the fermentation chamber is equipped with a turnover tank and a stirring rod with independent rotation of the coaxial center, and the fermentation outdoor is respectively equipped with a turnover tank driving device for driving the turnover tank to rotate and a stirring rod driving device for driving the stirring rod to rotate. Furthermore, the turnover groove, the stirring rod and the fermentation chamber are connected by connecting bearings, the connecting bearings are composed of two bearings, one large and one small, and the outer ring of the small bearing is embedded, and the inner ring of the large bearing is mutually fixed with the large bearing; the outer ring of the large bearing is fixed on the side wall of the fermentation chamber, and the rotating sleeves on both sides of the turnover groove are fixed on the connection between the outer ring of the small bearing and the inner ring of the large bearing The turnover rod is fixed in the inner ring of the small bearing through the rotating sleeve. Furthermore, the connecting sleeve on one side of the turnover groove corresponds to the outer side of the fermentation chamber and is also provided with a section of connecting sleeve on the same axis, the connecting sleeve is fixed at the joint of the large bearing and the small bearing of the connecting bearing, and the connecting sleeve is fixedly connected with the turnover groove driving device driving the turnover groove to rotate. Furthermore, the stirring rod extends out of the fermentation room and is fixedly connected with a stirring rod driving device for driving the stirring rod rake. Furthermore, the feeding plate is arranged on both sides of the feeding port, and the feeding plate is connected with the tower body by an automatic reset hinge. Furthermore, the discharging port at the bottom of the tower body is hinged with a vertically downward discharging plate. It can be seen from the above description of the structure of the utility model that, compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following advantages: the utility model superposes each fermentation chamber from top to bottom in turn, so that when the material is put into the fermentation chamber from the feed port, the material can fall into the turnover tank in the fermentation chamber under its own gravity, and after the fermentation is completed, the turnover tank can make the material fall into the next position In the overturned tank of the layer fermentation chamber, the fermentation is carried out layer by layer in this way until it falls to the outlet and flows out. In addition, after closing the feeding plate, there is still a gap between the feeding plate and the feeding port, which can be used as an air port. The structure of connecting the feeding plate with a reset hinge can make the open feeding plate expand the opening area of the feeding port when feeding, and the two reset closed feeding plates can block part of the opening area of the feeding port when closing, so that it can be used as an air port. In addition, adjustable air inlets are set on both sides of the bottom of the tower to control the air circulation in the tower. Specific implementation mode The specific implementation mode of the utility model is described below with reference to the attached drawings. As shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the organic fermentation tower comprises a tower body 1, the outer side of the tower body 1 is wrapped with thermal insulation material, and several layers of fermentation chambers 2 are successively arranged in the tower body 1 from top to bottom. The top of the tower body 1 is provided with a feeding port 3, which is installed with a feeding plate 4 on both sides of the tower body 1, and the feeding plate 4 is connected with the tower body by an automatic reset hinge. When the material enters from the feeding port 3, the falling force of the material can make the feeding plate 4 turn into the tower body 1, so that the feeding port 3 is open. When the feeding is finished, the feeding plate 4 will return under the force of the automatic reset hinge Return to the closed state at the level of feed port 3. And there is a gap between the feed plate 4 and the feed port 3 after closing, that is, the two feed plates 4 cannot seal the feed port 3, and there is still a gap between the two feed plates 4 after closing, which can be used as the air port. The purpose of adopting the structure of feeding plate 4 is that when the feeding port 3 is used as an air hole, its opening should not be too large, otherwise it will affect the temperature of fermentation chamber 2 on the top of tower 1, making its internal heat easy to lose, and the too large air outlet will also lead to a large amount of air loss in the whole tower 1, thus affecting the fermentation quality; and when feeding, the larger the feeding port is, the more convenient it is for rapid fermentation Finish feeding. Therefore, the structure of the reset hinge connecting the feeding plate 4 can make the open feeding plate 4 enlarge the opening area of the feeding port 3 when feeding, and the two reset closed feeding plates 4 can block part of the opening area of the feeding port 3 when closing, so that it can be used as an air port. As shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the bottom of the tower body 1 is also provided with a discharge port 7, which is an inclined structure and the opening is perpendicular to the tower body 1. The discharge port 7 is also equipped with a vertical downward discharge plate 6, which is a movable turnover plate. When there is material rolling out, the material will bump out the discharge plate 6 under the action of the inclined downward gravity, so that the discharge plate 6 will turn up until the material falls out When the material is discharged, the discharge plate 6 naturally sags under the action of gravity to cover the discharge port 7 to prevent the outside air from entering. In addition, both sides of the tower body 1 are provided with air intakes 8, and the air intakes 8 are transversely arranged under the tower body 1. The air flow intensity in the tower body 1 can be controlled by adjusting the size of the air intakes 8. The specific adjustment mode of the air intakes 8 can be that a plate-shaped object which is sliding connected with the air intakes 8 is arranged outside the tower body 1, and the opening and closing of the air intakes 8 can be realized by sliding the plate-shaped object, so as to achieve the goal of regulating The purpose of adjusting the opening size of the air inlet 8 is to control the air circulation degree in the tower body 1. As shown in Fig. 1 to 5, the two sides between the fermentation chamber 2 and the fermentation chamber 2 are fixed with guide cones 11 which are spindle shaped, that is, protruding on both sides in the middle. When the air entering from the air inlet 8 at the bottom of the tower body 1 flows from bottom to top, the air flow direction can be changed through the guide cone 11, so that the air exchange effect in the tower body 1 is better. Each layer of fermentation chamber 1 is equipped with an overturning groove 9 and a stirring rod 10 which rotate independently with the coaxial center. The overturning groove 9 is a hollow groove body inside, and a connecting sleeve 15 with a hollow structure is fixed on both sides of the overturning groove 9. The stirring rod 10 can adopt the existing commercially available rake head. The overturning groove 9, the stirring rod 10 and the fermentation chamber 2 are connected by a connecting bearing 12, which is composed of two bearings, one large and the other small. The outer ring of the small bearing 14 is embedded in the inner ring of the large bearing 13, and the small bearing 14 is fixedly connected with the large bearing 13 by welding. And the outer ring of the large bearing 13 is fixed on the side wall of the fermentation chamber 2, the rotating sleeve 15 on both sides of the turnover groove 9 is fixed on the joint of the outer ring of the small bearing 14 and the inner ring of the large bearing 13 by welding, and the stirring rod 10 is fixed in the inner ring of the small bearing 14 through the rotating sleeve 15. The turnover groove 9 is fixedly connected with a turnover groove driving device driving the turnover groove 9 to rotate outside the fermentation chamber 2 through a connecting bearing 12, and the stirring rod 10 extends outside the fermentation chamber 2, and is fixedly connected with a stirring rod driving device driving the turnover rake of the stirring rod 10. During assembly, a connecting sleeve 15 is fixed at the joint of the large bearing 13 and the small bearing 14 connecting the bearing 12 on one side of the fermentation chamber 2, and the connecting sleeve 15 corresponds to the connecting sleeve 15 on the turnover groove 9 in the fermentation chamber 2 with the shaft axis, and then is respectively connected through the hand wheel 5 or the motor (not shown in the figure) The connecting sleeve 15 outside one side of the fermentation chamber 2 and the stirring rod 10 outside the other side of the extension fermentation chamber 2, and then through the time controller or PLC controller and other electrical control units to realize the opening and closing of the two motors, so as to realize the rotation of the turnover tank 9 and the stirring rod 10, or directly turn the hand wheel 5 to realize the rotation of the turnover tank 9 and the stirring rod 10. The specific working process of the embodiment is as follows: the material is input from the feed port 3 on the top of the tower 1 by manual or mechanical means; when the material enters from the feed port 3, it can directly fall into the turnover tank 9 of the first fermentation chamber 2 on the top of the tower 1, and the continuous rotation of the stirring rod 10 is driven by the stirring rod driving device, so that the feces in the turnover tank 9 can be more evenly connected with the air When the fermentation time of the first fermentation chamber 2 is up, the driving device of the turnover tank 9 drives the turnover tank to turn 180 ° to make the materials in the turnover tank 9 fall into the turnover tank 9 of the next fermentation chamber 2, and at the same time, the stirring rod 10 in the next turnover tank 9 is controlled to rotate and turn over; fermentation is carried out layer by layer according to the above method until it falls to the discharge port 7 And it flows out from the discharge port 7.

                          Yangzhou Yujia Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd
                          Address: 6 / F, room B, Zhigu science and technology complex, No. 186, Yangzijiang Middle Road, Hanjiang District, Yangzhou City
                          Factory address: huaisi industrial concentration area, Jiudian Town, Hanjiang District, Yangzhou City
                          Tel: 0514-87652651
                          Fax0514-87658357
                          Technical support: Yangzhou chuangbo
                          SUICP#2020064278
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